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Skates & Rays Sharks Bony Fishes Coloration Body Shape
100
What are skates?
Lays eggs
100
What is the lateral line?
Detects movement in the water.
100
What is homocercal?
Bony fishes possess this type of caudal fin.
100
What is countershading?
This coloration pattern allows pelagic fishes to blend in with their surroundings.
100
What is flat?
The body shape of flounders.
200
What is 5?
This is the # of gill slits.
200
What are ampullae of Lorenzini?
Detects electric impulses.
200
What are ctenoid scales?
Bony fishes are covered by these scales.
200
What is cryptic coloration?
This coloration patterns allows demersal fishes to blend in with their surroundings (usually kelp or coral reefs).
200
What is streamlined?
The body shape of most fast-moving pelagic predators.
300
What are Mantas and Eagle Rays?
These rays are often seen swimming in the open ocean and jumping out of the water.
300
What are gill slits?
Water exits through these anatomical structures.
300
What is an operculum?
The structure that protects the outside of the gills.
300
What is bioluminescence?
This coloration pattern can help a deep fish to see in the dark or lure prey.
300
What is laterally compressed?
The body shape of most coral reef fishes; allows them to swim quickly when trying to escape a predator.
400
What are skates?
Often sold as scallops.
400
What is heterocercal?
Sharks possess this type of caudal fin.
400
What is by controlling the amount of gas/air inside?
How bony fishes maintain buoyancy with their air/swim bladder.
400
What is disruptive coloration?
This coloration pattern keeps predators from knowing which end is anterior versus posterior.
400
What is elongated?
This body shape allows certain bony fishes to live in small, tight spaces; usually within holes and crevices of coral reefs.
500
What is lateral to the head (sides of head)?
Location of electric organs in electric rays.
500
What is oil?
The liver maintains sharks' buoyancy by producing this substance.
500
What is the deep?
In this layer of the ocean bony fishes lack a swim bladder.
500
What are chromatophores?
What is the name of the colored pigment cells?
500
What is having 2 eyes on the same side of their body?
This is an adaptation distinctive of flat fishes.




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