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Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Reinforcement Schedules Learning Processes Stump's Stumpers
100
What is Unconditioned Stimulus
An object or event that naturally and automatically triggers a response.
100
What is Punishment
An event that decreases the behavior it follows.
100
What is Continuous Reinforcement
Reinforcing the desired behavior every time it occurs.
100
What is Shaping
Reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior.
100
What is Modeling
The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior.
200
What is Unconditioned Response
An unlearned, naturally occurring response.
200
What is Positive Reinforcement
Increasing behavior by presenting positive stimuli.
200
What is Fixed-Ratio Schedule
Reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses.
200
What is Extinction
Diminishing of a conditioned response.
200
What is Observational Learning/Social-Cognitive Learning
Learning by watching others.
300
What is Conditioned Response
A learned response to a previously neutral object or event.
300
What is Negative Reinforcement
Increasing behavior by stopping or reducing negative stimuli.
300
What is Variable-Ratio Schedule
Reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses.
300
What is Generalization
The tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses.
300
What is Cognitive Map
A mental representation of the layout of one’s environment.
400
What is Conditioned Stimulus
An originally irrelevant object or event that, after association with a paired stimulus, comes to trigger a learned response.
400
What is Primary Reinforcer
Stimulus that satisfies a biological need and strengthens behavior.
400
What is Fixed-Interval Schedule
Reinforces a response only after a specified length of time.
400
What is Spontaneous Recovery
The reappearance of an extinguished conditioned response.
400
What is Learned Helplessness
The hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.
500
What is Neutral Stimulus
An irrelevant object or event that does not trigger a response.
500
What is Conditioned Reinforcer/Secondary Reinforcer
Stimulus that can be used to achieve a primary reinforcer and strengthens behavior.
500
What is Variable-Interval Schedule
Reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals.
500
What is Latent Learning
Learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it.
500
What is Insight
A sudden realization of the solution to a problem.




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