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Sentence Types Emphasis Parts of a Sentence Techniques Miscellaneous
100
What is a balanced sentence?
A sentence in which the clauses are written in the same grammatical structure.
100
What is repetition?
The duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language, such as sound, 'word', phrase, clause, sentence, or grammatical pattern.
100
What is a clause?
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.
100
What is parallelism?
This term comes from the Greek roots meaning "beside one another." It refers to the grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity.
100
What is a fragment?
A group of words that do not express a complete thought.
200
What is a loose sentence?
A type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) comes first followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses.
200
What is alliteration?
The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words (as in "she sells sea shells").
200
What is a phrase?
A group of words, without a subject and verb, that functions in a sentence as one part of speech.
200
What is antithesis?
A rhetorical figure in which two ideas are directly opposed. The opposing ideas must be presented in a grammatically parallel way, thus creating perfect rhetorical balance.
200
What is a transition?
A word or phrase that links different ideas.
300
What is a cumulative sentence?
A sentence that that is grammatically complete before its end. Synonym=loose sentence
300
What is anaphora?
A figure of speech involving repetition, particularly of the same word at the beginning of several clauses.
300
What is a subordinate clause?
A type of clause that contains both a subject and a verb (plus any accompanying phrases or modifiers), but cannot stand alone.
300
What is inverted word order?
Moving grammatical elements of a sentence out of their usual order.
300
What is semantics?
The branch of linguistics that studies the meaning of words, their historical and psychological development, their connotations, and their relation to one another.
400
What is a periodic sentence?
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. This independent clause is preceded by a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone.
400
What is asyndeton?
A rhetorical figure involving the deliberate omission of conjunctions to create a concise, terse, and often memorable statement.
400
What is an antecedent?
The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
400
What is juxtaposition?
The act of placing two items side by side for the purpose of comparison or contrast.
400
What is a predicate nominative?
A type of subject complement; an adjective, group of adjectives, or adjective clause that follows a linking verb. It is in the predicate of the sentence, and modifies, or describes the subject.
500
What is a compound-complex sentence?
A sentence that consists of two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
500
What is polysyndeton?
The addition of excess conjunctions to emphasize the large quantity of items in a list.
500
What is a subject complement?
The word (with any accompanying phrases) or clauses that follows a linking verb and complements, or completes, the subject of the sentence by either (1) renaming it or (2) describing it.
500
What is a zeugma?
A rhetorical technique where a single verb is used in two completely different ways.
500
What is a predicate nominative?
A type of subject complement; a noun, group of nouns, or noun clause that renames the subject. It follows a linking verb and is located in the predicate of a sentence.






AP English Terms Review

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