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Common Childhood Communicable Diseases Terms Transmission and Precautions Worldwide Immunization Programs STI's
100
What is chickenpox?
This common childhood disease is caused by the varicella-zoster virus.
100
What are pathogens?
These are organisms that cause disease.
100
What is 2-5 years old.
This is the typical onset age for Leukemia.
100
What is a painless lump in the neck.
This is the presenting symptom of Hodgkin’s Disease.
100
What is hemophilia.
This is one of the oldest hereditary diseases known to humanity.
200
What is lyme disease?
This disease is spread by infected ticks, S&S include a macule with raised border and clear center.
200
What is the incubation period?
This is the time between the invasion by the pathogen and the onset of clinical symptoms.
200
What is infection control.
This is a priority, and should be included in family teaching for a child undergoing chemotherapy.
200
What are Reed-Sternberg Cells.
The presence of this cell is needed to diagnose Hodgkins Disease.
200
What is Hodgkins disease.
This disease is twice as common in boys than girls.
300
What is polio (infantile paralysis; poliomyelitis)?
This disease, caused by enterovirus, has symptoms including fever, stiff neck, stiff back, and paralysis.
300
What is a portal of entry?
This is a route by which the organisms enter the body (e.g. a cut in the skin).
300
What is Ronald McDonald House.
This is a popular support group for families with children diagnosed with cancer.
300
What is symptomatic relief of radiation/chemo side effects.
As a nurse, your care will be focused on this when caring for a child with Hodgkin’s Disease.
300
What is respite care.
This agency provides trained workers who come into the home for brief periods to relieve parents of the responsibility of caring for the child.
400
What is mumps (parotitis)?
Symptoms of this disease are fever, headache, painful swelling in glands near ear and jawline, and enlarged parotid gland.
400
What is a pandemic?
This refers to a worldwide high incidence of a communicable disease.
400
What are fever, pallor, easy bruising, pain, listlessness, enlarged lymph nodes.
These are common symptoms during the initial phase of Leukemia.
400
What are cervical,axillary and inguinal.
These are the 3 major paired groups of lymph nodes.
400
What is purpura.
This is a group of disorders affecting the number of platelets or their function.
500
What is scarlet fever?
This disease is caused by group A strep.
500
What is a fomite?
This is any inanimate material that absorbs and transmits infection.
500
What is Acute Lymphoid Leukemia (ALL) and Acute Non-lymphoid Leukemia (AMLL or AML).
These are the two most common types of Leukemia.
500
What is localized in single site, asymptomatic.
A child with this criteria would be considered in stage one.
500
What are thalassemias.
This group of disorders are caused by a deficiency in the normal synthesis of hemoglobin polypeptide chains.




Communicable Diseases

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