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Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Extra To Know
100
What is a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
What is the definition of a Republic?
100
What is Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
What are the three branches of government?
100
What is sharing power between the federal and state governments
What is the definition of federalism?
100
What is Philadelphia and 1775
What city was the first capital of the United States and what year did it become the capital?
200
What is 1776
In what year did the second continental congress appoint a committee to draw up a plan for a new central government?
200
What is the freeing of enslaved persons
What is the definition of manumission?
200
What is a system by which each branch of government limits power of other branches
What is the definition of Checks and Balances?
200
What is Virginia- Edmund Randolph, New Jersey- William Paterson
Who was over the Virginia Plan and who was over the New Jersey Plan?
300
What is having two separate lawmaking chambers (State and National Government)
What is the definition of a bicameral
300
What is Due to economic troubles Farmers were not able to sell their goods and therefore could not pay their taxes and debts. This resulted in state officials seizing farmers lands and throwing them in jail
What were some of the key reasons and aspects why Shay's Rebellion started?
300
What is 1215, and it shaped some of the beliefs, traditions and practices that the US established did/did not carry over for themselves
What year was the English Magna Carta established and how did it affect the US Constitution?
300
What is there were promises that a bill of rights would be added to the document
Why did Virginia finally ratify the the constitution?
400
What is Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio
Name the 5 states involved in the Northwest Ordinance and made up the northwest territory in 1785?
400
What is delegates solution to the disagreement over population votes between the south and north and as a result every five enslaved person would count as three persons in the state's population total
What was the three-fifths compromise?
400
What is Article I- Legislative, Article II- Executive, Article III- Judicial
What article does each branch belong to?
400
What is a declaration that powers of government should be separated and balanced against each other. Baron de Montesquieu
What is the Spirit of Laws and who wrote it?
500
What is 1) Congress had no authority to raise money by collecting taxes 2) Congress had no control over foreign trade 3) Congress could not force states to carry out its laws 4) All13 states had to agree to any amendments
Name the 4 weaknesses of the articles of confederation
500
What is Both had 3 federal systems in place, and both gave federal government more powers than it already had. Possible differences: Virginia- houses elected by the people, Powerful legislature, executive branch chosen by the people etc. NJ- Legislative branch had one house with equal representation from all states, executive branch was chosen by congress, judicial branch was chosen by the executive branch
Name the similarities between both the NJ and Virginia plan and name at least one difference between the two
500
What is National- Coin money, Maintain military, Declare War etc. State- Regulate trade within a state, conduct elections, establish local governments, etc.
Name at least two power National Government and State Government had under the constitution
500
What is Lancaster, Pennsylvania
What city was the capital of the US for one day?




Chapter 7

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