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Arrival of the Ancestral native Americans Paleoindian period in the Americas North Americas Archaeic period Early woodland societies Agricultural revolution in the Americas
100
What is the land bridge that theorist think most groups arrived from?
Beringia
100
North Americas Climate was considerably hotter and dryer than it is today, true or false?
False, it was cooler and moister than it is today
100
What happened to the climate and megafauna in centuries that followed?
The climate became drier and megafauna disappeared
100
Smelting of metals was never learned by Native Americans but ______ had appeared along coastal areas as early as 2500 B.C.E and spread to inland areas during this period. (what goes in the blank?)
Pottery
100
what began independently where in 6000 to 5500 B.C.E?
agriculture began independently in México and Peru
200
Who were most likely the first migrants to arrive in Mesoamerica?
The Amerindians
200
Examples of Megafauna found?
Giant Wooly Mammoth, Giant Sloth, Giant Bison
200
What replaced the Clovis spear heads?
Folsoma
200
What were the societies that helped give rise to the Neolithic Revolution?
Woodland Civilizations
200
Ways Native Americans achieved many things in agriculture without many technology advancements name 1
In arid zones instead of using oxen and cattle to plow they depended on plantimg sticks and foot hoes. In swampy zones they created artificial islands by digging ditches to channel water, then dreged and piled luck into mounds of new and nutrient-rich topsoil.
300
All of the________ lived as late as?
Paleolithic hunters and gatherers
300
what culture was among the earliest known hunting cultures (specified in book)?
The Clovis
300
what were the best choices of food sources?
Hunting, gathering wild plants, and fishing
300
What was the most important advancement by Woodland Civilizations, even though it did not fully replace hunting and gathering until the late Woodland Period?
Farming
300
What did Andean people raise and what did they eat?
They raised guinea pigs and ate llama meat
400
Linguistic, genetic, and dental studies suggest Native Americans came in...(how many waves and when)?
3-4 waves probably between 20,000 and 10,000 B.C.E
400
What were smaller stone implements that Paleoundians used, used for?
Cooking, skinning, tanning hides
400
What happened because of the isolation of groups?
Cultural and language differences
400
What distinguished the Adena from other Woodland Civilizations and why?
Their burial practices and pottery styles because they did not include pottery in funeral arrangements and their pottery was plain or marked with cord or fabric like motifs
400
Consisted of wood pole framework thatched with tree branches and leaves or animal hides, they were built over shallow pits(name of what is being described)
Pit Houses
500
What is difference between the Western Hemisphere and Eastern Hemisphere?
The Western Hemisphere is oriented along a North-to-South axis unlike the Eastern Hemisphere which is East-to-West axis
500
Regions like the Amazon rainforest forest yeaild evidence of what?
Hunter-gatherer campsites
500
What happened in the North American Archaic Period?
Climate became warmer and dryer and in American Southwest and Northern Mexico grasslands were replaced by desert conditions
500
What did early Woodland Civilizations rely on for food?
Deer, elk, bear, woodchuck, beaver, porcupine, grouse, turkey, along with wild plants
500
What were 2 of the most complex societies (specified in book)
The Olmec Civilization in Mesoamerica and the Chavín Civilization in South America




Chapter six: The settlement of the Americas and the Pacific

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