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Why Government? The Sovereign State Who Rules? Limiting Government Rule of Law
100
What is the state of nature?
A theoretical situation humans lived in before governments.
100
What is a population?
The group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
100
What is anarchy?
A system with no government.
100
What is a constitution?
The rulebook for a country's government
100
What is legitimacy?
When citizens see a law as worthy of following, and have a say in the lawmaking process
200
What is the social contract?
An agreement between a government and its citizens which allows the government to govern
200
What is a territory?
The area in which a state's rule applies.
200
What is a theocracy?
A government that recognizes God or a divine being as the ultimate authority.
200
What is separation of powers?
When power is divided among several branches of government.
200
What is procedural fairness?
When the government has rules for legal proceedings, the government follows those legal proceedings, and those legal proceedings are fair.
300
Who is Thomas Hobbes?
A political theorist who thought that humans were naturally violent and selfish, and that a single sovereign should have total power.
300
What is a government?
An entity with the duties to protect the country, keep order, help citizens, and make laws
300
What is direct democracy?
A system in which Individual citizens are directly involved in government, such as lawmaking and acting as judges.
300
What is consent of the governed?
When citizens of a country give their permission to be governed by the government.
300
What is the rule of law?
When laws are fair, enforced, and nobody is above the law
400
What is the right to liberty?
The natural right that ensures an individual's ability to make their own decisions.
400
What is a state?
An entity that does not have to check with any higher authority in order to make and enforce laws, has its own government, and is its highest authority.
400
What is a constitutional monarchy?
A system in which monarchs share power with other parts of government.
400
What are the rights of the minority?
When the rights of small or popular groups regardless of what the majority believes.
400
What is access to justice?
When citizens have a way to enforce their rights
500
What is citizens ability to hold governments accountable?
The fundamental issue that Thomas Hobbes and John Locke disagreed on.
500
What is sovereignty?
The ability to rule absolutely within a territory.
500
What is a representative democracy?
The type of government that the United States has.
500
What is the reason for limiting government?
Restricting individual power and holding governments accountable.
500
What is equal application of the law?
When nobody is above the law, not even elected officials, and the judicial system treats everyone the same.






Foundations of Government

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