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Punnet Squares and Terms Blood Mitosis vs. Meiosis Chromosomal Mutations Gene Technology
100
What is a punnet square?
A diagram showing the gene combinations that might result from a genetic cross.
100
What is the universal donor?
O blood.
100
What is the amount of daughter cells in mitosis?
2
100
What is duplication?
Repeats of a segment.
100
What is a genome?
The total collections of genes on organism has.
200
What is a dihybrid cross?
A two-trait cross.
200
What is the universal recipient?
Blood type AB.
200
What is a gamete cell? Does it fall under mitosis or meiosis?
Sex cells; meiosis
200
What is translocation?
Movement from one chromosome to another chromosome.
200
What is DNA fingerprinting used for?
Used to determine paternity or to find criminals with DNA left at a crime scene.
300
What is homozygous?
Two identical alleles for the same trait.
300
What are antigens?
Protein makers.
300
What is the difference between a haploid cell and a diploid cell?
Haploids refer to a cell that contains a single set of chromosomes, and a diploid refers to a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes.
300
What is a removal of a chromosomal segment?
Deletion.
300
What are alleles?
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome.
400
What is the difference between genotype and phenotype?
Genotypes are genes and a phenotype is a physical appearance.
400
What is the periodic table element that is found in blood cells that help it carry respiratory gases?
Oxygen.
400
What is the cell considered to be 2n?
Mitosis
400
What is a large-scale chromosomal alteration example?
Cancer, developmental disorders, and abortions.
400
Who is Gregor Mendel?
The "father" of genetics.
500
What is the phenotypic ratio when two heterozygous white long haired guinea pigs are crossed?
9:3:3:1
500
What is blood type ABs' antigens?
AB
500
What is the process of meiosis?
Crossing over/gene shuffling, segregation, and independent assortment.
500
What is the cause of genetic disorders?
Alterations of chromosome numbers or structures.
500
What is Recombinant DNA used for?
To "trick" bacteria into making things we need.




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