C6H12O6 + O2,-Also know as substituting -Simple change in one base of the gene sequence,Sugar + Phosphate + Nitrogenous Base,GREGOR MENDEL">






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Photosynthesis Mutations DNA Genetics Evolution/Ecology
100
What is the equation for Photosynthesis?
CO2 + H2O + Light --> C6H12O6 + O2
100
What are Point Mutations?
-Also know as substituting
-Simple change in one base of the gene sequence
100
What is a nucleotide made of?
Sugar + Phosphate + Nitrogenous Base
100
Who discovered Genetics?
GREGOR MENDEL
100
Who brought Biology into focus (and when)?
Charles Darwin in 1859
200
What are Light Reactions?
Requires sunlight; uses the energy of light to break apart water molecules
200
What is a Mutagen?
Physical or chemical agent that causes damage or change to DNA
200
What is Transcription?
-The process of converting DNA to messenger RNA
-Takes place in the nucleus
-1st step in protein synthesis
200
What are Gametes and Somatic Cells?
Gametes= sex cells, called haploids
Somatic Cells= body cells, called diploids
200
What does Descent with Modification account for?
Unity and Diversity
300
What are Dark Reactions?
Do not require light; use the high-energy compounds and atoms produced during the light reactions to form glucose
300
What are Frame Shift Mutations?
-One or more bases are inserted or deleted
-Can make the DNA meaningless, can often result in a shorten protein
300
What is Translation?
-The conversion of mRNA to an amino acid sequence
300
What are Polygenetic Traits?
When a trait is controlled by 2 or more genes
300
What is Embryology?
-form of Homology
-studying embryos of different organisms for similarities
400
What does the Calvin Cycle do?
Forms glucose
400
What are Inversion Mutations?
-An entire section of DNA is reversed
400
What are the 2 types of DNA?
-Nuclear/ Chromosomal DNA (from mom and dad)
-Mitochondrial DNA (inherited from mom only)
400
What are Multiple Alleles?
More than 2 alleles exist in a population for a given trait
400
What is Nitrogen Fixation?
Atmospheric Nitrogen into Nitrogen Ions
500
Define Photosynthesis.
The process of capturing and transforming the energy of sunlight into chemical energy
500
What is the difference between Transversion and Transition Mutations?
Transversion Mutations occurs when a purine (A, G) is switched with a pyrimidine (C, T) or vice versa

Transition Mutations occurs when a purine (A, G) switches with another purine or when a pyrimidine (C, T) switches with another pyrimidine
500
What are the 2 primary functions of DNA?
-Transmit info from one generation to the next
-Provide blueprint for making proteins the same way every time
500
What are the 4 types of blood?
Type A
Type B
Type O
Type AB
500
What is Commensalism?
One organism benefits, the other is not harmed






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