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PHONETICS PHONOLOGY MORPHOLOGY SYNTAX SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS
100
INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET
A system of transcribing the sounds of speech that attempts to represent each sound of human speech with a single symbol
100
MINIMAL PAIR
Two words with distinct meanings that differ in only one segment found in the same position in each form.
100
CONJUNCTIONS
The words "although, though, because, whether, if, and, since" are examples of the word category.
100
SUBSTITUTION TEST OR REPLACEMENT TEST
A diagnostic used to determine if a group of words is a syntactic constituent by replacing the group with a single word.
100
What is LEXICAL AMBIGUITY?
The ambiguity that is due to a word has two or more meanings.
200
SUPRASEGMENTAL PROPERTIES
Those properties of sounds that form part of their makeup no matter what their place or manner of articulation: tone, intonation, stress, length
200
RULES
A derivation has three parts: Underlying Representation, Phonetic Representation and this.
200
AGGLUTINATING LANGUAGES
Languages in which words typically contain several morphemes, of which usually only is a lexical category or root.
200
COMPLEMENTIZER
A functional category that takes TP as its complement
200
What is ENTAILMENT?
If Sentence A is true, then Sentence B must be true also. But if B is true, it does not necessarily mean A is true
300
AFFRICATES
Non-continuant consonants that show a slow release of the closure [ð, dʒ]
300
ENVIRONMENT
The phonetic context in which a sound is found.
300
ENDOCENTRIC COMPOUND
A compound word in which one member identifies the general class to which the meaning of the entire word belongs.
300
WH-MOVEMENT
The wh-word in English appears dislocated to the beginning of the clause as a result of this.
300
What is A PROTOTYPE?
The best exemplar of a category, such as robins to birds.
400
ARTICULATORY PHONETICS
In exploring language sounds in the class we used only this approach or perspective of phonetics.
400
DISTINCTIVE FEATURE
A feature that serves to distinguish contrastive forms.
400
INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY or INFLECTIONS
Tense, mood, number, case, and agreement are examples of this kind of morphology.
400
SUBCATEGORIZATION
The classification of words according to their complement options.
400
What is THE COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE?
The general guidelines that underlie conversational interaction.
500
PULMONARY EGGRESSIVE
English sounds are produced by only this airstream mechanism.
500
CLOSED SYLLABLES
Syllable such as CVC, VC, CCVC are examples of this type of syllables.
500
SUPPLETION
A morphological process that marks a grammatical contrast by replacing a morpheme with an entirely different morpheme. e.g. be/was
500
MERGE AND MOVE
Computational operations responsible for combining syntactic elements, arranging and displacing
500
What is THE PRINCIPLE OF COMPOSITIONALITY?
The meaning of a complex expression is determined by its structure and the meaning of its constituents.






LIN 401 Introduction to Linguistics - Review

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