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Ancient Civilizations (Mesopotamia and Egypt) Ancient Egypt Ancient China Ancient India and Persia I Ancient India and Persia II
100
What is a ziggurat
Mesopotamian pyramid-shaped structure used for religious ceremonies
100
What is a pharaoh
ancient Egyptian ruler who was believed to be part god and part human.
100
Who is Shi Huangdi
First emperor during the Qin Dynasty. Began construction on the Great Wall.
100
What are Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
ancient cities found in the Indus River Valley
100
What is a caste
rigid social group into which a person is born
200
What is Hammurabi Code
Collection of ancient Babylonian laws (ex: "an eye for an eye")
200
What is a dynasty
a period in history where members of the same family govern or rule
200
What is calligraphy
artistic form of ancient Chinese writing
200
Who is the Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama after his enlightenment (new name)
200
What is HInduism
ancient religion still practiced today
300
What is Fertile Crescent
Area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers where the first civilizations emerged
300
What are artifacts
things left over from ancient times
300
Who is Confucius
influential ancient Chinese teacher and philosopher.
300
What are the Four Noble Truths
basic understandings of Buddhism
300
What is karma
the condequences of a person's behavior
400
What is Mesopotamia
Region in the Fertile Crescent where the first civilization began; means "the land between the two rivers"
400
What is hieroglyphics
ancient Egyptian form of writing using pictures
400
What is the Shang Dynasty
China's first dynasty
400
What is the Eightfold Path
teachings of the Buddha to help achieve happiness
400
What is reincarnation
belief that after death one is reborn into a new life
500
What is irrigation
system of supplying water to land
500
What is mummification
process that preserves the bones and soft tissues of a body after death
500
What is the Zhou Dynasty
China's longest dynasty
500
What is enlightenment
Buddhist state of little to no suffering
500
What is the Indus River Valley
location of ancient civilization in present-day India and Pakistan






Social Studies Vocabulary Review

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