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Explorers & Soldiers Priests & Nuns The Fur Traders The Inhabitants Interaction with the First Nations
100
riches and a route to the orient
What 2 things did the explorers seek to find?
100
established a school for boys
What did the Jesuit priests do in the new colony?
100
There were a lot of fur-bearing animals
Why was the fur trade so popular in New France?
100
men who had won the king's favour (may have been soldiers or supporters of France)
Who were the seigneurs?
200
they saved them scurvy (tea remedy), helped them navigate the land and Donnacona's sons translated for them to help trade
How did First Nations help the explorers?
200
established a school for girls - both First Nations and daughters of the settlers
What did the Ursuline nuns do in the new colony?
200
"Runners of the woods". They traveled inland to trade with First Nations for furs
What does "coureurs des bois" mean? Why were they called that?
200
Long, narrow, leads to a river, has a church, mill, common lands
What are some key features of a seigneurie?
300
They stayed in the colony to help populate it (the King paid them to)
What did the soldiers do for New France?
300
Christianity
What did the Jesuit priests want to spread to the First Nations?
300
Once it was deregulated, they could make more money
Why did the coureurs des bois grow in popularity?
300
Grow crops, raise animals, work without pay for 10 days, provide free labour
What did the farmers have to do on the land?
400
Donnacona
What the name of the chief with whom Jacques Cartier had a good relationship with?
400
It would be very difficult and involves battles between rivaling tribes
What did the Jesuits learn about establishing a mission when at Sainte-Marie Among the Hurons?
400
The colony was left undefended, and they were over-hunting the beaver
What were 2 main problems with the coureurs des bois growing in number?
400
young women (often orphans) from France that were sent to New France and paid
Who were the filles du roi?
500
creating a map of the coast, founding the first permanent settlement, firing an arquebus, being the Father of New France
What was Samuel de Champlain known for?
500
Both believe in a creator. First Nations believe in spirituality with the land; Europeans believe in God that transcends land
What is a similarity between European Christian beliefs and First Nations?
500
The fur trade was highly regulated by a private company
Why didn't the coureurs des bois exist before 1663?
500
They helped populate the country
Why are the filles du roi an important part of New France's history?






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