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Eukaryotes vs Prokaryotes Heredity Name that scientist The Cell Cycle TTC (Transformation, Transduction, and Conjugation)
100
What is Binary Fission?
Can self replicate and end up with 4 copies of itself
100
What is Incomplete Penetrance?
50% of a functional protein is not sufficient to produce the same trait as the homozygote making 100%
100
Who is Frederick Griffith?
Is credited with the two different types of Bacterium
100
What is G0 Phase?
referred to as the resting phase of cell division
100
What is Conjugation?
Requires cell to cell contact
200
What is the Nucleus?
Only exists in Eukaryotic cells
200
What is Pleiotropy?
The multiple effects of a single gene on the phenotype of an organism
200
Who is Erwin Chargaff?
Discovered the pairing of bases such as Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, and Cytosine
200
What is Mitosis?
The process of division in somatic cells
200
What is Transformation?
Naked DNA is involved
300
What are Prokaryotes?
Does not have membrane-bound organelles
300
What is a lethal allele?
An allele that has the potential to cause the death of an organism.
300
Who is Rosalind Franklin?
By using crystallography, this scientist was able to identify key structures in DNA
300
What is Spermatogenesis?
The process that creates sperm cells
300
What is Transduction?
lytic cycle entered in response to stress
400
What is Bacteria?
Comes in a rod-like shape
400
What is Pangenesis?
Charles Darwin's hypothetical mechanism for heredity
400
Who is Friedrich Miescher?
Discovered nuclein from cell nuclei
400
What is Ploidy?
Number of copies of a chromosome set
400
What is Transduction?
Mediated by a virus
500
What is Meiosis?
Allows reproduction through sexual activity
500
What is Maternal Effect?
A situation where the phenotype of an organism is determined not only by the environment and its genotype but also by the environment and genotype of its mother.
500
Who is Gregor Mendel?
Used pea plants to determine basis of heredity
500
What is the Cell Cycle?
Includes several stages such as interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
500
What is Transformation?
Requires competent cells






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