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Leaders Groups & Beliefs Vocabulary Events Various People
100
Genghis Khan
The greatest nomadic leader of central Asia of all times. Founder & emperor of the Mongol Empire.
100
Parliament
Representative law-making body in England comprised of the House of Lords (upper house) & the House of Commons (lower house).
100
Feudalism
A political system in which kings and powerful nobles granted land to other nobles in return for loyalty, military assistance, and services.
100
The Black Death
One of the most devastating pandemics in human history peaked in Europe in the mid-1300s. It killed 1/3 of Europe’s population.
100
Marco Polo
A Venetian merchant traveler whose travels recorded in a book did much to introduce Europeans to Central Asia and China.
200
John Wycliffe
English clergyman and teacher who attacked the wealth & immorality of the Roman Catholic Church, among other things.
200
The Hanseatic League
A commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds that dominated trade along the coast of Northern Europe.
200
The Gothic Style
Artistic & architectural style that emphasized light being let into interiors, pointed arches, tall columns, and other graceful characteristics.
200
The Hundred Years' War
A series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 between England and France.
200
Mansa Musa
Emperor of the Malian Empire. He expanded Mali’s borders and influence in the 1300s. The wealthiest person of all-time.
300
Tamerlane
Mongol leader that took over India in the late 1300s. He also conquered the entire Middle East.
300
The Estates-General
A French representative assembly comprised of the clergy, nobles, and townspeople.
300
The Romanesque Style
Artistic & architectural style that featured semi-circular arches, domes, and low horizontal lines, as well as dark, eerie interiors.
300
The Great Schism
A split within the Catholic Church when two men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope.
300
Justinian
Byzantine emperor who led the political, economic, intellectual, and artistic revival of the empire in the 500s.
400
Harsha
Emperor of India in the 600s that defeated the Huns, brought peace to the region, and ruled wisely over a empire that had a high standard of living.
400
Shinto
The religion of Japan which is a set of practices to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
400
The Inquisition
A search by church reformers to seek out heretics and to eliminate heresy. Many people were tortured and executed.
400
The Babylonian Captivity
The 67 years in the 1300s when the papal capital was located in Avignon, France instead of Rome, Italy.
400
Kublai Khan
He established the Yuan Dynasty as Emperor of China; He was the first non-Chinese Emperor to conquer all of China.
500
Yaroslav the Wise
Kievan Rus reached the zenith of its cultural flowering and military power during his lengthy reign as grand prince.
500
Bushido
Japanese samurai code that stressed bravery, loyalty, and honor.
500
Iconoclasm
The deliberate destruction of religious symbols or monuments, usually with religious or political motives.
500
Justinian's Code
A collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence. It is the basis for the legal systems of most of Europe.
500
Dante & Chaucer
Two of the most prominent authors of the Middle Ages. The Father of the Italian Language & the Father of English Literature.




World History Unit #2A

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