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Islam Early Western European Rulers Great Christians Terminology English & French Kings
200
Mohammad
Founder of the religion of Islam.
200
Charlemagne
The greatest of all Frankish kings, 1st emperor of western Europe since Roman times, was “Holy Roman Emperor.”
200
St. Patrick
A Romano-British and Christian missionary, who is the most generally recognized patron saint of Ireland or the Apostle of Ireland.
200
The Doomsday Book
The first census of all of the assets of England.
200
William the Conqueror
1st Norman King of England, took the throne from Anglo-Saxons. He made it so that the king held ultimate authority.
400
The Koran
The central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be the verbatim word of God (Allah).
400
Alfred the Great
King of England in the late 800s that drove the Vikings out. He also was a great advocate of education.
400
St. Benedict
A Christian monk in Italy that developed a set of standards, or a code of behavior, to regulate the lives of monks.
400
Chivalry
The traditional code of conduct associated with the medieval institution of knighthood.
400
Edward I
One of England’s greatest monarchs, he divided the king’s court into 3 branches. His court’s decisions set a precedent for the future.
600
Saladin
Muslim military leader against the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. He won the Third Crusade.
600
Otto the Great
Founder of the Holy Roman Empire, reigning in the 900s, he was the first of the Germans to be called the Emperor of Italy.
600
Cyril & Methodius
Two Byzantine brothers that were missionaries that converted the Slavs of central & eastern Europe to Christianity.
600
The Magna Carta
English nobles forced King John I to sign this document which protected the liberties of the nobles and said the king wasn’t above the law.
600
Edward III
King of England who transformed England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe.
800
The Sunnis & The Shiites
The two classifications of Muslims.
800
Clovis
The 1st King of the Franks to unite all Frankish tribes under 1 ruler & great military leader that converted the Franks to Christianity in late 400s.
800
The Venerable Bede
An English monk, author, and scholar. He is called “The Father of English History.”
800
The Crusades
The unsuccessful military expeditions by European Christians to regain control of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
800
Philip IV
King of France whose reign marks the French transition from a charismatic monarchy to a bureaucratic kingdom.
Ibn Khaldun
Muslim historian who is often viewed as one of the fathers of modern historiography, sociology, and economics.
Hugh Capet
French noble chosen as king in the late 900s. Most historians regard the beginnings of modern France with his coronation.
Pope Innocent III
One of the most powerful and influential popes in history. He exerted a wide influence over the Christian regimes of Europe.
The Golden Horde
A Mongol state established in parts of present-day Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan in the 1200s-1400s.
Henry II
He increased English royal authority by ensuring the army’s loyalty to him. He also improved the English justice system.




World History Unit #2B

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